How does mmr and lp system work in league of legends?

October 11, 2023

League of Legends (LoL) is not just about intense battles on the Fields of Justice; it’s also a journey through the intricacies of the MMR (Matchmaking Rating) and LP (League Points) system. These systems are the invisible gears that drive the competitive aspect of the game. In this article, we will delve into the mechanics of MMR and LP in League of Legends, demystifying these fundamental components of the competitive ladder.

Understanding MMR (Matchmaking Rating):

MMR, or Matchmaking Rating, is the secret sauce that fuels the matchmaking system in League of Legends. This rating is a numerical representation of your skill level. However, it’s not a visible number that you can readily access in-game. Instead, it’s used by the matchmaking system to pair you with players of similar skill.

The Initial MMR:

When you first enter the world of ranked play, your MMR is an unknown variable. The system uses your performance in placement matches to estimate your initial MMR. Winning matches results in an increase, while losing has the opposite effect.

Matchmaking Magic:

The matchmaking system’s primary goal is to create balanced matches. It tries to ensure that each team has players with roughly equal MMR. This balance is vital for a competitive and enjoyable gaming experience.

Winning and Losing LP:

LP, or League Points, is what you gain or lose after each ranked match. Winning a match typically results in an increase in LP, while losing one leads to a decrease. The number of LP gained or lost depends on your MMR relative to your current rank.

Promotions and Demotions:

As you accumulate LP, you’ll approach a promotion series when you have enough LP to qualify. Winning a promotion series promotes you to the next division or tier, while failing demotes you if you’re at 0 LP. Promotions and demotions often serve as milestones in the competitive journey.

LP Clamping:

In the highest divisions of each tier (e.g., Gold I, Platinum I, Diamond I), players may experience LP clamping. This means that LP gains become less substantial to ensure that players are indeed ready for advancement to the next tier.

MMR vs. LP:

MMR and LP are interconnected, but they don’t always move in perfect harmony. If your MMR is significantly higher than your current division, you will earn more LP for wins and lose less for losses. Conversely, if your MMR is lower, you’ll win less LP and lose more. This creates opportunities for players to climb or fall more quickly.

Hidden Elo Hell:

Elo Hell is a concept that some players believe in – the idea that they are trapped in a lower rank due to bad teammates or external factors. In reality, the system is designed to help players reach a rank that aligns with their skill level, given time and improvement.

Adjusting MMR:

Your MMR can change more rapidly than your LP. The system adapts to your performance and updates your MMR accordingly. This means that even if you’re losing more LP than you’re gaining, your MMR can still be on the rise.

Maintaining Skill-Based Matches:

The MMR system ensures that every ranked game you participate in is a skill-based match, whether it’s a placement match or one during a promotion series. It’s designed to create a fair competitive environment, where your opponents and teammates are on a similar skill level.

In conclusion, the MMR and LP systems are the backbone of ranked play in League of Legends. MMR ensures balanced matchmaking, while LP serves as a visible representation of your progress in your division or tier. Understanding how these systems work is crucial for navigating the competitive ladder and achieving your goals in the world of LoL.